Table

 

Yellow-throated Warbler – Accepted

1. 08 Jul 1969

male

Southeast Farallon I. SF

1984-017

9

ph., DeSante and Ainley (1980:47)

2. 14 Oct–05 Nov 1969

 

Pt. Loma SD

1986-058

10

ph., Craig (1972), apparent D. d. dominica

3. 30 May 1971

 

Scotty’s Castle INY

1987-345

14

 

4. 21 Oct 1972

 

Palos Verdes Peninsula LA

1972-102

1

 

5. 23–25 Apr 1974

male

San Diego SD

1974-058

3

 

6. 16–19 Sep 1974

 

Southeast Farallon I. SF

1989-013

14

 

7. 24 Sep 1974

 

Samoa HUM

1986-246

14

 

8. 25 May 1975

female

Antelope Spring INY

1975-024

3

 

9. 26 May 1975

female

Deep Springs INY

1976-030

3

 

10. 31 May 1975

male

Oasis MNO

1976-114

3

 

11. 02–07 Sep 1976

 

Pt. Reyes MRN

1976-113

3

ph., Luther et al. (1979), Roberson (1980)

12. 16–19 Sep 1976

 

Goleta SBA

1977-008

4

 

13. 03 Oct 1976

 

Tijuana R. valley SD

1985-090

10

 

14. 27–29 Oct 1977

 

Carmel R. mouth MTY

1978-011

4

 

15. 19–21 May 1978

male

Long Beach LA

1979-048

5

 

16. 02 Sep 1978

 

Red Bluff TEH

1978-122

5

 

17. 28 Oct–04 Nov 1978

 

Deep Springs INY

1980-148

6

 

18. 18 Apr 1979

 

Pt. Loma SD

1980-024

6

 

19. 29 Apr 1979

male

Encinitas SD

1979-047

5

 

20. 12 May 1979

 

Santa Monica LA

1980-066

6

 

21. 04–07 Jun 1979

 

Pt. Loma SD

1980-025

6

 

22. 23 Jun–03 Jul 1979

male

Pt. Reyes MRN

1979-031

5

 

23. 24–25 Oct 1979

male

Gaviota SBA

1980-118

6

ph., AB 34:203, Roberson (1980)

24. 26 Apr 1980

male

Pt. Loma SD

1987-327

14

 

25. 29 May–01 Jun 1980

male

Oasis MNO

1980-078

6

ph., AB 34:816

26. 25–26 Apr 1981

 

Pt. Loma SD

1981-060

7

 

27. 25 Apr 1981

male

Corn Spring RIV

1986-259

11

Fig. 403, ph., Clarke (1989:177), Small (1994:plate 56)

28. 07 May 1981

male

Northridge LA

1982-041

9

 

29. 10 May 1981

 

Santa Ynez Mts. SBA

1986-323

12

 

30. 11 May–20 Sep 1981

 

Santa Barbara SBA

1981-037

7

 

31. 27 May 1981

male

Zuma Canyon LA

1982-020

7

 

32. 05–08 Sep 1981

 

Oasis MNO

1981-070

7

ph.

33. 24 Sep 1981

 

Pt. Loma SD

1981-078

7

 

34. 23–24 Apr 1982

 

Morongo Valley SBE

1986-049

10

ph.

35. 10–11 May 1982

male

Clear Creek LA

1984-250

10

ph.

36. 24 May 1982

male

Samoa HUM

1982-055

8

 

37-38. 11 Jun–01 Jul 1982

male female

Eureka HUM

1983-027

9,14

one bird seen carrying nesting material

39. 14 Jun 1982

male

Hawkins Bar TRI

1986-248

12

audio

40. 07 Jan 1983

 

Santa Monica LA

1983-111

9

ph., LACM 100690

41. 27 May 1983

male

Pacific Grove MTY

1983-050

8

 

42. 06 Jun 1983

male

Lincoln Park SF

1984-091

9

ph.

43. 28 Feb 1984

male

Needles SBE

1992-055

14

ph., SBCM 39419

44. 24 May 1984

male

Pt. Lobos MTY

1984-103

9

 

45. 02–03 Jun 1984

male

Carpinteria SBA

1984-251

10

 

46. 08–11 Nov 1984

 

Salinas R., near Salinas MTY

1984-272

10

 

47. 12 Dec 1984–12 Jan 1985

 

Olema MRN

1984-270

10

apparent D. d. dominica

48. 14 May 1985

male

Berkeley ALA

1985-048

11

 

49. 25 May 1985

male

Fairhaven HUM

1986-422

12

 

50. 29–30 May 1985

female

Oasis MNO

1985-071

10

 

51. 12 Jun 1985

male

Pt. Reyes MRN

1985-147

11

 

52. 12 Oct 1985

 

Pt. Loma SD

1986-010

11

 

53. 07–08 Sep 1986

 

Montaña de Oro State Park SLO

1987-016

12

 

54. 08–09 Oct 1986

 

Torrey Pines State Reserve SD

1987-033

12

 

55. 21 Oct 1986

 

Southeast Farallon I. SF

1987-009

12

 

56. 14 May 1987

 

California City KER

1987-136

12

AB 41:489

57. 08 Sep 1987

 

Murrieta RIV

1987-285

13

 

58. 29 Nov–06 Dec 1987

 

Stinson Beach MRN

1988-059

13

apparent D. d. dominica

59. 28 May 1988

male

California City KER

1988-120

13

 

60. 14 Jun 1989

male

Trinidad HUM

1989-095

13

 

61. 28 Oct–25 Nov 1989

 

Leoni Meadow ED

1989-137

15

 

62. 30 Sep–02 Oct 1990

 

Oceano SLO

1990-143

16

ph.

63. 10–16 Sep 1991

HY female

Pt. Reyes MRN

1991-119

17

ph.

64. 22–24 Sep 1991

 

California City KER

1991-126

17

ph.

65. 08–10 May 1992

male

Pt. Loma SD

1992-122

18

 

66. 24 May 1992

male

Lopez Pt. MTY

1992-147

18

 

67. 30–31 May 1992

 

Pt. Reyes MRN

1992-159

18

ph.

68. 02–03 Jun 1992

SY

Pt. Reyes MRN

1992-230

18

one of two reported

69. 03 Jul 1992

male

Arcata HUM

1992-225

18

ph.

70. 18 Sep 1992

male

Pt. Reyes MRN

1993-044

18

ph.

71. 08 Oct 1992

 

Westhaven HUM

2004-092

30

ph.

72. 19 May 1993

male

Gazos Creek SM

1993-097

19

 

73. 06 Jun 1993

male

Torrance LA

1993-116

19

ph.

74. 24 Oct 1993

 

Santa Barbara SBA

1993-190

19

 

75. 29 Sep–05 Oct 1994

 

Pescadero Creek SM

1994-194

20

 

76. 31 May–04 Jun 1995

male

Pt. Reyes MRN

1995-058

21

 

77. 17 Dec 1995–16 Mar 1996

HY male

Ramer Lake IMP

1995-143

21

Fig. 279, ph., FN 50:225, apparent D. d. dominica

78. 29 Dec 1996–08 Feb 1997

 

Ferndale HUM

1997-092

23

possible D. d. dominica

79. 10 Apr 1997

male

Pt. Loma SD

1997-117

23

 

80. 24 May 1997

SY male

Mesquite Spring INY

1997-097

23

ph.

81. 26 May 1997

SY male

Crystal Lake LA

1997-118

23

 

82. 29 May 1997

 

Westminster ORA

1997-135

23

 

83. 10 Oct 1997

 

Eureka HUM

1997-147

23

 

84. 14 Jan 1998

 

Eureka HUM

1998-022

24

possible D. d. dominica

85. 07–14 Sep 1998

HY male

San Nicolas I. VEN

1998-193

24

 

86. 09 Sep 1998

 

Carmel R. mouth MTY

1998-142

24

 

87. 19 Jun 1999

male

San Mateo SM

1999-135

25

 

88. 06 Nov 1999–02 Apr 2000

 

Huntington Beach ORA

1999-197

25

Fig. 280, ph., video

89. 24 Jan–21 Mar 2001

 

San Diego SD

2001-060

27

 

90. 12–26 May 2001

 

Refugio State Beach SBA

2001-078

27

 

91. 24 Oct 2001

 

Solana Beach SD

2001-190

27

apparent D. d. dominica

92. 03 May 2002

male

San Clemente I. LA

2002-120

28

 

93. 23 May 2002

male

Goleta SBA

2002-115

28

 

94. 30 May 2002

male

Prado Basin SBE

2002-122

28

 

95. 10 May 2003

male

Butterbredt Spring KER

2003-039

29

 

96. 13 May 2003

male

Devore SBE

2003-040

29

 

97. 21 May 2003

 

Los Osos SLO

2003-072

29

 

98. 29–30 May 2003

 

Pt. Loma SD

2003-054

29

 

99. 30 May 2003

male

Huntington Beach ORA

2003-071

29

 

 

Yellow-throated Warbler – Not accepted, identification not established

21–28 Sep 1969

Carmel R. mouth MTY

1989-093

17,30

 

04 Jun 1978

 

Southeast Farallon I. SF

1988-020

16,30

 

02–07 May 1980

 

Southeast Farallon I. SF

1988-021

16,30

 

03 Feb 1985

 

Legg Lake LA

1986-088

15

 

02 Jun 1992

 

Pt. Reyes MRN

1993-046

21

see table entry 68

22 May 1993

 

Pt. Bonita MRN

1993-126

21

 

 

Yellow-throated Warbler – Not submitted

19 Sep 1973

 

Pt. Loma SD

 

14

Unitt (2004)

03 Jun 1979

 

Pt. Loma SD

 

14

Unitt (1984)

09–14 Jun 1979

 

Santa Barbara SBA

 

14

Lehman (1994)

05 Nov 1979

 

Pt. Loma SD

 

 

Unitt (2004)

24 May 1980

 

Furnace Creek Ranch INY

 

14

Garrett & Dunn (1981)

18 May 1981

 

Long Beach LA

 

 

AB 35:864

19 Jun 1982

 

Mt. Pinos VEN

 

 

AB 36:1017

25 Jun 1989

 

Deep Springs INY

 

14

AB 43:1369

25 May 1992

 

Orangevale SAC

 

 

Sacramento Bird Records Committee unpubl. data–1994 report

14 May 1993

 

Hansen Dam LA

 

 

AB 47:454

25 Jan–02 Mar 1996

 

Loleta HUM

 

 

Harris (2006)

07 Nov 1997

 

Manila HUM

 

 

Harris (2006)

25 Oct 1999

 

Arcata HUM

 

 

NAB 54:102

19 Jun 2000

 

Pt. Reyes MRN

 

 

NAB 54:421

28–29 Sep 2001

 

Pt. Reyes MRN

 

 

NAB 56:104

18 Jun 2003

 

Trinidad HUM

 

 

NAB 57:542

 

 

 

 

 

Figures

Image3131.TIF

Figure 279. Most California records of the Yellow-throated Warbler involve the most widespread and westerly subspecies, D. d. albilora. Those few birds showing characters of D. d. dominica have turned up in late fall and winter. This first-winter male—photographed on 14 January 1996 at Ramer Lake in Imperial County (1995-143; Larry Sansone)—was accepted as an apparent example of dominica by virtue of its yellowish supraloral area and long bill (foreshortened in this view). Although the lores are mostly yellow, the areas of white in the lores and on the chin are of potential concern. Note, however, that use of flash can accentuate white tones, and that coloration of these areas is variable in both albilora and dominica.

 

Image3131.TIF

Figure 280. These 7 November 1999 sketches of a male Yellow-throated Warbler that went on to winter at Huntington Central Park, Orange County, show no trace of yellow in the supraloral region, suggesting a bird of the most expected subspecies, D. d. albilora (1999-197; Andrew Birch).

 

Image3131.TIF

Figure 402 (above). Most Dendroica warblers breed in the northern United States and Canada, and vagrants from this genus tend to reach California in the fall. The Yellow-throated Warbler, however, breeds across the Southeast, and its spring-dominated pattern of westward vagrancy is consistent with the patterns established by several other species from that region (e.g., White-eyed and Yellow-throated Vireos, Kentucky and Hooded Warblers). A moderate peak is seen in September and October; winter and summer records are few.

 

Image3131.TIF

Figure 403. Conforming to the Yellow-throated Warbler’s predominant pattern of spring vagrancy to California, this male was photographed on 25 April 1981 at Corn Spring in eastern Riverside County (1986-259; Herbert Clarke).

 

Image3131.TIF

Figure 404 (right). Distribution of 99 Yellow-throated Warblers accepted through 2003. Records are concentrated along the southern and central coast, with localized groupings in coastal Humboldt, eastern Kern, and northern Inyo Counties.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow-throated Warbler

YELLOW-THROATED WARBLER Dendroica dominica (Linnaeus, 1766)

Accepted: 99 (94%)

Treated in Appendix H: yes

Not accepted: 6

CBRC review: all records

Not submitted/reviewed: 16

Large color images: see Figures

This warbler’s northern breeding limit extends from eastern Nebraska and southwestern Michigan east to New Jersey. The southern limit stretches from south-central Texas east to central Florida. Small, isolated populations are scattered north and west of the main range (Dunn and Garrett 1997). Subspecies dominica breeds along the Atlantic coast; D. d. stoddardi is rare and local on the Florida panhandle and adjacent coastal Alabama; D. d. flavescens is resident in the Bahamas; and the widespread D. d. albilora occupies the remainder of the breeding range. Nominate birds winter in the Southeast and rarely in Bermuda, but most winter in the northern West Indies; relatively few are recorded anywhere as vagrants. Subspecies albilora winters mainly from southern Texas south through eastern Mexico to Nicaragua (rarely south to Costa Rica) and uncommonly on the Pacific slope from Guerrero southward (Howell and Webb 1995, Dunn and Garrett 1997). In the East, extralimital records of albilora—most during fall—extend as far north as the Atlantic Provinces, southern James Bay (McRae and Hutchison 1983), and south-central Saskatchewan. This subspecies is casual across the West, including one record from British Columbia, two from Washington, five from Oregon, and nine from the Baja California Peninsula (as of 31 December 2006); vagrants have also occurred elsewhere in Mexico, and Arizona claims roughly 20 records (Rosenberg 2001). The species is accidental on Clipperton Atoll and in Colombia (Dunn and Garrett 1997).

A male Yellow-throated Warbler of subspecies albilora measured and photographed on 8 July 1969 at Southeast Farallon Island was the state’s first (DeSante and Ainley 1980). The great majority of California’s 99 accepted records involve albilora, although many birds have not been identified to subspecies. More than half of the state’s accepted individuals (56 of 99) were spring vagrants, with bracketing dates of 10 April and 8 July; one-third (32 of 99) were fall vagrants, with bracketing dates of 2 September and 6 December; eight occurred during winter (6 November–2 April); and three either oversummered or showed signs of potential nesting. The only bird known to oversummer in the state successfully was a female present from 11 May to 20 September 1981 in Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara County. This bird’s frequent interactions with a singing male Northern Parula fueled hopes of California’s first Sutton’s Warbler, a Yellow-throated Warbler × Northern Parula hybrid (see Binford 1985). Although that duo never exhibited any clear-cut breeding behaviors, one of two Yellow-throated Warblers present between 11 June and 1 July 1982 in Eureka, Humboldt County, was observed carrying nest material (Roberson 1986, Harris 2006).

The CBRC has endorsed three late fall records and two winter records as apparently involving dominica: Pt. Loma, San Diego County, 15 October–5 November 1969 (Craig 1972, Unitt 1984); Olema, Marin County, 12 December 1984–12 January 1985; Stinson Beach, Marin County, 29 November–6 December 1987; Ramer Lake, Imperial County, 17 December 1995–16 March 1996 (first-winter male, Figure 279); and Solana Beach, San Diego County, 24 October 2001. See also Appendix H. The Pt. Loma bird showed yellow above the lores and an exceptionally long bill, characters exhibited by stoddardi and the population of dominica that breeds on the Delmarva Peninsula of the mid Atlantic coast.

Birds of subspecies dominica are long-billed with the supraloral area and chin distinctly yellow. Many individuals from within the range of albilora show a yellow tinge to the supraloral area, some nominate birds may lack yellow there (Jaramillo 1993), and bill length varies considerably within the range of dominica, the shortest being exceeded in length by the longest-billed examples of albilora. For an example of a bird accepted as an apparent dominica, but showing ambiguous markings, refer to Figure 279 on page 262. See works by Parkes (1953), Baird (1958), Dunn and Garrett (1997), and Pyle (1997b) for more information.